mines) producing coal, lignite, limestone, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc etc. More than 80 per cent of the mineral production comes from open cast mines and therefore, one must add the quantity of overburden to that of the mineral production in order to assess the total amount of annual excavation in India's mining sector.
Iron ore, which is also known as hematite, occurs in abundance in the country. Iron ore reserves account for almost twothird of the entire iron ore reserves in India. Interestingly, India holds a leading position in the list of leading iron ore reserve countries. Moreover, the iron ore .