Bauxite ore is the world's main source of aluminum Bauxite is a rock formed from a reddish clay material called laterite soil and is most commonly found in tropical or subtropical regions. Bauxite is primarily comprised of aluminum oxide compounds (alumina), silica, iron oxides and titanium dioxide.
Interest in bauxite mining in the South West of Australia stretches back to the 1960s. However, mining and refining the ore didn't get underway until the 1980s. At the time, building the mine, conveyor belt and processing plant was Australia's most expensive capital project, costing AUD billion and .